7 Minute Read


Exodus 17:8–19:15
Matthew 22:34–23:12
Psalm 27:7-14
Proverbs 6:27-35


Matthew 22:44 (CSB) “The Lord declared to my Lord, ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet’?”


I chose our Verse for Today because we typically read over it, we scratch our head wondering what it means, and then we keep reading. And, yet, when we see how the Pharisees responded, we realize that they understood completely what Jesus was saying.

So, let’s not let the Pharisees get the upper-hand. Let’s figure out what Jesus was saying … because it is pretty amazing!

Matthew 22:41-42 (CSB) “While the Pharisees were together, Jesus questioned them, ‘What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?’ They replied, ‘David’s.'”

Moments before Jesus asked this question, the Sadducees tried to publicly embarrass Him by asking Him a question they were certain He could not answer (Matthew 22:23-33). Since they didn’t believe in the resurrection, they posed a ridiculous scenario to Jesus – but He silenced them with an answer that would have brought huge smiles to the faces of many in the crowd.

Then, the Pharisees tried to do the same thing (Matthew 22:34-40). They tried to corner Jesus by asking Him which one of God’s laws was the most important. They believed that no matter how Jesus answered, He would divide the crowd. They were wrong. The crowd united – with Jesus. They were loving this exchange.

Then, in Matthew 22:41, Jesus quit playing defense and went on the offense. He asked the Pharisees a simple question: “What do you think of the Messiah? Whose son is he?”

The Pharisees replied, almost certainly cautiously, “David’s.”

This was a softball pitch. Everyone knew that the Messiah was going to be a descendant of King David. The Old Testament made this clear (Isaiah 11:1; Jeremiah 23:5).

They coming Messiah was going to be fully human. Everyone understood that.

But, I bet the Pharisees knew they were being lured into a line of argument that would have them licking their wounds when it was over. They had verbally attacked Jesus but found themselves laying face down on the field of battle. Now, Jesus appeared to begin his frontal assault and they were in the cross hairs. They were right to be cautious.

Matthew 22:41-42 (CSB) “While the Pharisees were together, Jesus questioned them, ‘What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?’ They replied, ‘David’s.'”

Simply question.

Obvious answer.

But, now the knockout punch is about to connect.

Matthew 22:43-44 (CSB) “He asked them, ‘How is it then that David, inspired by the Spirit, calls him “Lord”: The Lord declared to my Lord, “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet”?'”

After the Pharisees said that the Messiah would be David’s descendant (fully human), Jesus quoted Psalm 110:1.

Jesus said that David was moved by the Holy Spirit when he penned Psalm 110:1 so it was accurate and a word from God Himself. It was truth.

So, what does it mean?

If you look at the quote, it references two “Lords”. “The Lord declared to my Lord.” 

The Lord” speaks of God.

My Lord” speaks of someone that was David’s ruler. David claimed that he had someone to whom he answered, “my Lord.” And, yet, “my Lord” was someone separate from “the Lord.”

Now, we need to realize that David was a king. He was sovereign. There was absolutely no one to whom he answered except God. And, yet, in Psalm 110:1, David is clearly saying that he had a “Lord” to whom God spoke. When you read the rest of Psalm 110, you come to realize that it is speaking of the coming Messiah. “My Lord” is placed in a position of honor until God places His enemies under his feet. Then, He will reign.

Clearly, David understood that the Messiah would both be fully human (2 Samuel 7:12) and fully God (as is evidenced by calling Him Lord).

The Pharisees only believed in the humanity of the coming Messiah.

Jesus’ knockout punch would come in the form of a question…

Matthew 22:45 (CSB) “If David calls him ‘Lord,’ how then can he be his son?”

Restated: “If David called the coming Messiah, “Lord,” which clearly points to His deity, then why did David also clearly recognize that the Messiah would be his descendant, which clearly points to His humanity?”

David clearly understood that the Messiah would be fully God and fully man.

The Pharisees did not believe in the deity of the coming Messiah, only his humanity. And, so, Jesus’ question, and the clear notion that David believed in the humanity and deity of the coming Messiah, left them speechless.

Matthew 22:46 (CSB) “No one was able to answer him at all, and from that day no one dared to question him anymore.”

Jesus’ humanity and deity are essential components to His work in Heaven and on earth. No one can be truly saved who disbelieves that Jesus is fully God and became fully man as is clearly taught on the pages of Scripture.

Philippians 2:5-11 (CSB) “Adopt the same attitude as that of Christ Jesus, who, existing in the form of God, did not consider equality with God as something to be exploited. Instead he emptied himself by assuming the form of a servant, taking on the likeness of humanity. And when he had come as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death — even to death on a cross. For this reason God highly exalted him and gave him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow — in heaven and on earth and under the earth — and every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

Clearly, Jesus is both fully human and fully God.

And as such, He is the Lord (boss) of every single person who is trusting in Him for salvation.

John 20:26-28 (CSB) “A week later his disciples were indoors again, and Thomas was with them. Even though the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, ‘Peace be with you.’ 
“Then he said to Thomas, ‘Put your finger here and look at my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Don’t be faithless, but believe.’ 
“Thomas responded to him, ‘My Lord and my God!'”